The importance of scaling

As you know, brushing and flossing your teeth at least twice a day is the best way to get rid of plaque. If plaque is not completely removed, it hardens and becomes tartar. When this occurs, only a dental professional can remove it.

The role of dental hygienists is to provide therapeutic and preventive care aimed at ensuring optimal oral health. This includes detection, assessment, planning and prevention to ensure good oral health habits.

Scaling is performed using a small metal curette. Once tartar has been removed, the hygienist usually polishes the teeth to remove any visible stains from their surface and leave them smooth and shiny. To do so, a gritty paste is applied to a rotating electric brush or an air polisher. Then, to ensure that all areas between the teeth are clean, the hygienist uses dental floss. The dentist will then perform a complete dental check-up.

When regular cleanings are not performed, gums become at risk for serious problems. Periodontal diseases and untreated gingivitis are the leading cause of tooth loss in patients over 35 years of age.

Did you know?

When a patient suffers from advanced gum disease, bacteria can enter the bloodstream and reach other parts of the body. Studies have shown that a link exists between periodontitis (advanced gum disease) and other serious illnesses such as heart disease, stroke, respiratory problems, complications from diabetes and premature births.

Smoking can also affect the gums.

Smoking can:

  • Reduce blood flow to gums, which can lead to gum disease
  • Cause cancer
  • Lower the success rate of periodontal treatments and prevent proper healing post-surgery
  • Stain teeth and cause bad breath
  • Change your sense of taste


Tobacco’s dangers to your dental and general health aren’t only limited to cigarettes. Chewing tobacco, chichas, pipes, cigars, as well as other drugs can be harmful in many ways as well.